The concept of psychosocial stress attempts to explain how psychosocial phenomenon such as status and social stratification can lead to the many diseases associated with the SES gradient.
Three areas in which benefits are frequently circumscribed under both public and private insurance plans are preventive services, behavioral health care treatment of mental illness and addictive disordersand oral health care. Because the largest public programs are directed to the aged, disabled, and low-income populations, they cover a disproportionate share of the chronically ill and disabled.
The perception of higher pay and job security is consequential in a majority of Indian youth preferring to work in the public sector and exhibiting scepticism for unconventional employment options like gig work and self-employment.
India must leverage the optimism of its youth and support the proliferation of high-quality education and training opportunities. This will ensure that training initiatives are demand-driven and impart skills that match industry requirements.
Additionally, there are wide gaps between the rural and urban populations in its healthcare system which worsen the problem. However, the USPSTF recommendations have had relatively little influence on the design of insurance benefits, and recommended counseling and screening services are often not covered and, consequently, not used Partnership for Prevention, see Box 5—3.
Understanding Standard of Living The standard of living is often used to compare geographic areas, such as the standard of living in the United States versus Canada, or the standard of living in St.
Furthermore, changes in the funding streams or reimbursement policies for any of these programs or increases in demand for free or subsidized care that inevitably occur in periods of economic downturn create crises for safety-net providers, including those operated by state and local governments see the section Collaboration with Governmental Public Health Agencies later in this chapter for additional discussion.
Insurance status is a powerful determinant of access to care: people without insurance generally have reduced access.
In fact, basic measures of the standard of living such as per capita GDP are often used to define the differences between more and less developed countries.