Clinical case studies medical students
The rationale for completing this review is to assess CBL as a discrete mode of transmitting medical and related fields of knowledge. This review will focus on human health-related applications of CBL-type learning.
Clinical cases for medical students pdf
He finds the colonoscopy extremely uncomfortable and insists that the procedure be stopped. Case studies Case 1 Mrs M is 82 and usually very lively and alert. The stent had been inserted by his previous urologist 14 months earlier to protect the left ureter from injury during a left hemicolectomy performed by a general surgeon. This cas Method of delivery was classified as follows: live was considered a live presentation of the case, this could be a description, a patient, or a simulated patient. Since many authors described their learning methods in detail, an attempt was undertaken to classify these methods. The staff on the ward explain what has happened and that she needs an operation. Her speech is unintelligible and she dozes much of the time. These multiple ways to evaluate the introduction of CBL into a curriculum are summarized in a table. It transpired that the two doctors had evaluated the wrong patient — another elderly woman of about the same age. An excellent definition has been proposed by Thistlewaite et al in a review article.
Osteoporosis This directed case study focuses on the physiology of bone homeostasis and methods of prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. Since the advent of adult education, educators have realized that learners need to see the relevance and be actively engaged in the topic under study.
Not an Old Person's Disease The overall goal of this case is to introduce students to the genetic basis of cancer while teaching them about melanoma. In order to evaluate how CBL is currently used, a literature search and review was completed.
In order to review how CBL was used, in addition to where it was used, the method of delivery was assessed. Case 4 A year-old man had been attending a urology clinic twice a year for four years for treatment related to a benign prostatic hyperplasia when his urologist took up a post in another hospital.
Mrs N is able, through these means, to convince the staff that she understands what has happened and that she wants them to carry out the operation.
Clinical case study examples pdf
The intention had been to remove the stent five to six months after the surgery, but this information had not been passed on to the new urologist. Browse Articles. Students and everyone else may wonder where new infectious diseases come from, how scientists assess the risk of a pandemic, and how we might go about preventing one. A midwife mistakenly recorded that she was rhesus positive in her medical record; consequently, she was not given Anti-D immunoglobulin. In this case study, students read about a woman experiencing a side-effect of Topamax and from there move to a review of acid-base balance in the human body. Method of delivery was classified as follows: live was considered a live presentation of the case, this could be a description, a patient, or a simulated patient. Her speech is unintelligible and she dozes much of the time. One of the overall purposes of the case is to show students that osteoporosis is not simply a disease that afflicts elderly Twelve months later, the patient complained of pain in his left loin and haematuria. Investigational Review Board declined to review this project as there were no human subjects involved and this was an article review. Not Exactly Because she is unable to speak, the staff watch her body language intently to gauge her understanding and give her a picture board to help her communicate.
Case studies Case 1 Mrs M is 82 and usually very lively and alert. A systematic review of how CBL is accomplished, including successes and failures in reports of CBL in real curricula, would aid other teachers of medical knowledge in the future.
Mr H reluctantly acquiesces, and allows Dr J to administer the injection. If the student was in the terminal degree, then that was considered a study of graduate students.
Clinical case studies for medical students pdf
One wonders with the proliferation of articles that have CBL in the title, whether or not there has been literature defining exactly what CBL is, how it is used, and whether or not there are any advantages to using CBL over other teaching strategies. Case 4 Mrs D is 42 and has recently discovered a lump in her breast. Renal ultrasound emonstrated a slight hydronephrosis of the left kidney, and also the presence of a ureteric stent. Unfortunately, he subsequently develops septic arthritis in the joint. The impact of CBL can reach from simple knowledge gains to changing patient care outcomes. Therefore, not all data has the same value as the evidence. Further questions and some concerns have occurred to Mrs V in the intervening weeks, and she particularly wants to know how the UAE will affect her chances of conceiving and carrying a baby to term. The transfusion was discontinued and the patient suffered no ill effects. Using clinical cases to aid teaching has been termed as case-based learning CBL. The rationale for completing this review is to assess CBL as a discrete mode of transmitting medical and related fields of knowledge. In addition to their teaching value for students and graduate medical education programs, case reports provide a starting point for novice investigators, which may prepare and encourage them to seek more contextual writing experiences for future research investigation. Twelve months later, the patient complained of pain in his left loin and haematuria.
based on 57 review